In this article you'll find key information of the procedures involved in eye surgery

Published: 23rd November 2011
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Committing to any kind of surgery can feel overwhelming, especially when it's regarding a problem with a sensitive area like your eyes. It's fair to say the physiology of the eye if a fairly intricate subject so the topic of eye surgery is obviously a sensitive one. In most cases, this is especially true because the majority of people are extremely over-cautious when it comes to the possibility of inflicting permanent damage on their eyes and vision. To help alleviate any fears, it's a good idea to spend time researching the procedures involved with ophthalmology before you commit to eye surgery. So here's some expert information regarding the most commonly found conditions that affect the eyes and how they can be treated, thanks to eyesite.org:

Corneal transplantation or grafting occurs when a cornea becomes damaged and is replaced by donated corneal tissue. For instance, if a person develops fuchs dystrophy (a degenerative corneal disease which progresses slowly and usually affects both eyes) or Keratoconus (a degenerative disorder which causes the cornea to take on a 'conical' shape) then a cornea transplant is the final solution. This is where donated corneal tissue is grafted onto a damaged eye to restore the damage caused by the corneal disease, with the graft coming from a deceased donor. Keratoconus surgery or cornea transplants are the last resort for cornea diseases - in 9 out of 10 cases, conditions can easily be treated simply by wearing corrective lenses.

The type of technology being used by an ophthalmologist will change depending on the specific condition being treated. For invasive cornea surgery a Ziemer LDV Femtosecond precision laser will be used. This equipment allows the surgeon to operate on the eye without having to use a blade. OCT (Ocular Coherence Tomographer)is fairly new non-invasive imaging technology that is being used more and more for detailed mapping of the size, shape and contours of the eye. for those that suffer from more complicated conditions there is Anti-VEGF drugs and Fluorescein angiography treatments. These are just a few examples of the equipment and procedures that are being currently used by ophthalmologists.

Macular degeneration is a condition which affects older adults and results in loss of vision in the centre of the visual field (macula) due to retina damage. As it progresses, macular degeneration usually makes it difficult to recognise faces, however peripheral vision usually remains intact. Macular degeneration can take two forms; dry (nonexudative) or wet (exudative). The former is caused when the cells in the macula degenerate and accumulate behind the retina. Alternatively, wet macular degeneration is classed as the more serious of the two and is caused by an usual growth of the blood vessels in the choriocapillaris. As the progression of the disease can often be slowed by a range of treatments surgery of the eye is usually not necessary.

A wide range of clinics can be found in a host of locations. The majority of these treatment centres are based in large cities like Leeds, Liverpool and London. It makes sense then that laser eye london could be your ideal solution if looking for eye surgery. The surgeries are extremely reputable, often leading to longer waiting lists. The positive side from this is that the staff have the necessary experience required. In some cases, they can even be affiliated with licensed opticians hence a good suggestion is to speak to your own eye optician for their views before looking for an eye surgeon.

Although, you may think that cataracts is a condition that only affects senior citizens in fact children can be affected as well. These are called congenital cataracts, which develop prior to or just after birth. This condition is a clouding of the eye, varying in intensity from mild severity to complete opacity. Symptoms include myopia, also known as near-sightedness, the gradual yellowing of the lens and a lack of perception of the colour blue. A cataract operation or cataract surgery are two treatment options. If untreated it slowly causes vision loss and then eventually blindness. In seniors the condition causes swelling and shrinkage of the lens.

Lasik eye surgery is a refractive surgery option that corrects astigmatism, myopia and hyperopia. This type of surgery is a clever alternative to wearing glasses and lenses, which the majority of people don't enjoy wearing. The procedure is similar in certain aspects to other surgical corrective options like refractive surgery and photo-refractive keratectomy and is therefore a popular solution to eye sight problems. It involves surgically remodelling the cornea, in particular reshaping its curvature. The possibility of the eye rejecting the surgery does exist and it could gradually return to its former condition but other side effects are relatively low.

In the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, universities can confer ophthalmology degrees. These are The Royal College of Ophthalmologists, the Royal College of Edinburgh and the Royal College of Glasgow. To become a professional ophthalmologist in the British Isles one of these qualifications is essential. After the post graduate degree has been awarded, most people tend to get placements at the NHS to advance their knowledge and improve their practical skills. In fact, many of the major laser eye specialists run programs to help people become entirely qualified ophthalmologists. However, most of the time these are vocational courses taken after a postgraduate qualification.

Hopefully, reading this article has helped to ease any worries you had as you should now have a better understanding of the different elements of ophthalmology and eye surgery.

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